Structure of exams

Structure of exams

The structure of the IELTS exam

The test consists of 4 modules: listening, reading, writing and speaking. The exam is held for two days.

1) Listening consists of 4 sections with different types of speech: from colloquial (filing applications, registration), informational (rules, instructions), to academic (fragments of lectures). Tasks must be done while listening.

2) Reading includes 3 large texts. As a rule, they are articles from scientific popular publications. Tasks are different: from identifying headings of paragraphs to filling in the gaps in mini-essays.

Tasks may include completing tables, diagrams and pictures, using the information from the text.

3) Writing module of the test consists of two sections. In the first part (Writing 1) you need to write a summary of 150 words according to the information shown via tables, graphs, drawings. In the second part (Writing 2)you need to express your attitude to any problem in the community, such as the benefits and dangers of advanced mobile communications and etc.

4) Speaking is assessed by a representative of the British Council on another day and is a type of interview on various everyday topics. The test consists of 3 sections.

In the first part you need to answer a few general questions about you and your interests, second part covers a monologue (2 minutes) on topic from daily life (the topic is given on the card). In the third part more general question on the same topic or problem, which concerns society on the whole,  is asked.

The structure of the TOEFL exam

There are three versions of the TOEFL exam: TOEFL PBT - paper version; CBT - computer version; IBT- online format of the test.

Recently, IBT format of TOEFL is used. The test consists of four sections: reading, listening, speaking, writing.

1) In the reading section 3 texts with answer variants (multiple choice) are presented.

Texts are academic, serious articles for the level of university students. Texts themes are scientific, industrial. Ability to understand the general idea of the whole text as well as clarification of details are checked during answering the questions.o

2) In the listening section dialogues, excerpts of lectures and messages are presented. Themes are different: from daily life at university to serious fragments of lectures on various scientific topics.

3) Speaking Section consists of two parts: in the first part you will be asked to tell about yourself and answer questions about daily life. In the second part you need to express your opinion on the issue in the test (part of the text is listened).

4) The written part of the test also has two parts. The first part introduces information, you need to express your opinion on. Sometimes, there are two opposite views to be compared. The second part is an essay on a general topic. It is usually problems of the modern world.